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Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves Bhubaneswar

Table of Contents

The Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, are a treasure trove of history and culture waiting to be explored. This article provides a comprehensive guide to this fascinating archaeological site. From its historical significance to the best things to do and travel tips, we’ve got you covered.

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are ancient rock-cut caves located in Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha. These caves have been intricately carved into the hillside and hold great historical and religious significance. With a history dating back to the 2nd century BCE, they are a testament to India’s rich past.

History about Udayagiri and Khandagiri

The history of Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves is awe-inspiring. These caves were commissioned by the first known Odia ruler, King Kharavela, who ruled the region during the 1st century BCE. They were primarily used as dwelling places for Jain monks and served as a crucial religious and historical center during the ancient era.

Best Things to Do

  1. Explore Cave Art: Marvel at the intricate rock-cut sculptures and inscriptions that adorn the cave walls. These artworks offer a glimpse into the artistic and cultural heritage of the region.
  2. Admire Cave Architecture: The architecture of the caves is a sight to behold. Explore the various chambers, carved doorways, and monastic cells, which showcase the craftsmanship of the time.
  3. Witness Inscriptions: The caves are adorned with inscriptions in Brahmi script, which provide valuable insights into the historical and cultural aspects of the period.
  4. Enjoy Scenic Views: Climb the hills for panoramic views of Bhubaneswar. The serene surroundings make for a peaceful and contemplative visit.
  5. Photography: Capture the beauty and history of the caves. The intricate carvings and natural surroundings make it a photographer’s paradise.

Why Visit

Visiting Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves is a unique experience that offers a deep dive into India’s ancient history and religious heritage. It’s an ideal destination for history enthusiasts, culture seekers, and anyone looking for a serene and picturesque escape.

How to Reach

The caves are easily accessible from Bhubaneswar, which is well-connected by air, rail, and road.

  • By Air: Bhubaneswar has its own airport, the Biju Patnaik International Airport, with domestic and some international connections.
  • By Train: Bhubaneswar Railway Station is well-linked to major cities in India. From there, you can hire a taxi or use local transport to reach the caves.
  • By Road: Bhubaneswar is well-connected by a network of national and state highways, making it easy to reach by road.

Where to Stay

Bhubaneswar offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit various budgets. From luxurious hotels to budget-friendly guesthouses, you’ll find a place to stay that fits your needs.

Some recommended options include:

Nearby Places to Visit

While exploring the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, you can also visit nearby attractions:

  1. Lingaraj Temple: A grand and revered Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
  2. Nandankanan Zoological Park: A popular zoo known for its conservation efforts and white tigers.
  3. Dhauli Shanti Stupa: A site of great historical and religious importance, associated with Emperor Ashoka.
  4. Kedar Gouri Temple: A small, historic temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Gouri.
  5. Orissa State Museum: Explore the rich heritage and art of Odisha.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves open to the public?

Yes, the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are open to the public. Visitors can explore the caves and marvel at their architectural and historical significance.

Is there an entry fee to visit the caves?

Yes, there is a nominal entry fee for both Indian and foreign tourists to enter the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves.

Are photography and videography allowed inside the caves?

Yes, photography and videography are allowed inside the caves. Visitors can capture the beauty and intricate details of the cave art, but it is important to be respectful and not damage the cave structures.

Is there a dress code for visiting the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves?

There is no specific dress code; however, it is advisable to dress modestly and comfortably while visiting the caves.

What are the opening hours of Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves?

The caves are open from sunrise to sunset every day.

Can I hire a guide at the caves to learn more about their history?

Yes, experienced guides are available at the entrance to provide informative tours.

Are there any restrictions on clothing for visitors to the caves?

Visitors are advised to dress modestly and avoid clothing that may be considered disrespectful in a religious context.

Is there a convenient parking facility near the caves?

Yes, there is ample parking space available near the entrance.

Can I bring food and drinks into the caves?

Yes, but it is advisable to consume food and beverages outside the cave premises.

Is there a best time to visit the caves to avoid crowds?

Early mornings or weekdays tend to be less crowded.

Are there restroom facilities at the caves?

Yes, there are clean restroom facilities available for visitors.

Can I purchase souvenirs or local handicrafts near the caves?

Yes, there are stalls and shops selling souvenirs and local crafts nearby.

Are there any festivals or events celebrated at the caves?

The caves host various cultural and religious events, especially during Jain festivals.

Can I explore both Udayagiri and Khandagiri caves in a single day?

Yes, it is possible to explore both cave complexes in a single day.

Are there places to eat near the caves?

Yes, you can find restaurants and food stalls offering local cuisine in the vicinity.

Is it safe to visit the caves at night?

It is advisable to visit during daylight hours as the caves may not be well-lit or supervised at night.

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves in Bhubaneswar are an archaeological marvel that offers a unique opportunity to connect with India’s ancient history and culture. From exploring the cave art to experiencing the tranquility of the surroundings, this site promises a fulfilling and educational journey. Make sure to plan your visit and explore the nearby attractions for a well-rounded experience.



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